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Hammad Naseem

 “We started off as a small company and needed assistance with bookkeeping and year-end tax preparation. I am happy to say that within three years, we have enjoyed substantial growth and are well on our way into being a success story. Throughout this growth period, Williamson Accounting has been with us side by side- each month, providing updated financial reports and guidance needed to direct our business and keeping us on track. At the company’s year-end, they have been dependable in providing tax planning we need including issuing and filing T4’s for our employees and corporate and personal tax returns. They are a great resource for any start-up or growing business and we highly recommend their service.”


Hammad Naseem, Co-Founder, Flarian Innovation Inc.

 

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Williamson Accounting Inc. helping your small business to reduce taxes and simplify accounting in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and across Canada.

For a free initial conversation about your business, call (416) 444-8747 or Contact us.

By: Michael L. Williamson, Tax and Accounting Specialist

Lately, I have been posed with this question: do I have to pay taxes on the property that I inherit from my relative? Let’s take a look at this important question.

Is there an Inheritance Tax in Canada?

Canada does not have an estate inheritance or a death tax. In general, there are no taxes levied by CRA on the beneficiaries; without being brazen, when a person dies they leave the Canadian tax system. On death they are subjected to tax for the very last time and the estate pays any tax that is owed to the government.

The estate is treated as a sale, unless the estate is inherited by the surviving spouse or common-law partner, where certain exceptions are possible. Usually by the time the estate is settled, the beneficiary should not have to worry about taxes.

How does Canadian Tax Work in Relation to an Inheritance?

When a person dies, their legal representative has to file a Deceased Tax Return to the government. Any taxes owing from this tax return are taken from the estate before it can be settled.

Once the executor has settled the estate, the CRA issues a clearance certificate to confirm all income taxes have been paid or that the CRA has accepted security for the payment. As a legal representative, it is important to get this clearance certificate before distributing any property. If you do not get a certificate, you can be liable for any amount the deceased owes.

What is the Inheritance Tax Rates?

As there is no inheritance tax in Canada, all income earned by the deceased is taxed on a final return.

It’s important for the estate to plan to pay for this tax as it can be a significant amount. As death and death taxes occur at the same time, the estate may find that in this situation a significant portion of its income is taxed in a top tax bracket and therefore could lose about 45 percent to the CRA.

Non-registered capital assets are considered to have been sold for fair market value immediately prior to death. Any resulting capital gains are 50% taxable and added to all other income of the deceased on their final return where income tax will be calculated at the applicable personal income tax rates. 

The fair market value of a Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) or a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF) is included in the deceased person’s income and taxed at the regular applicable personal income tax rates with no special treatment for any capital gains earned within the RRSP or RRIF.

Certain exemptions are available for tax liability incurred for deemed disposition. These include the Principal Residence Exemption and the lifetime Capital Gains Exemption.

How does Tax on Estate Work if the Estate is not Inherited by a Surviving Spouse or Common-law Partner?

The deceased is considered to have sold all of his or her capital property for fair market value immediately prior to death. This includes, with certain exceptions, all the deceased person’s non-registered assets (personal belongings, cars, investments, business assets, etc.).

If any of these assets have gone up in value since their acquisition, the estate will owe taxes on the capital gain in the year of death. Capital gain is the difference between the fair market value of the item when purchased and the fair market value item of the same item at the date of death.

For any registered assets (such as RRSPs and RRIFs), the deceased person is deemed to have received the fair market value of his or her plan assets immediately prior to death. This amount must be included in the income of the deceased person’s tax return.

How does Tax on Estate Work if the Estate is Inherited by a Surviving Spouse or Common-law Partner?

Any non-registered capital property may be transferred to the deceased taxpayer’s spouse or common-law partner.

For any registered assets (such as RRSPs and RRIFs), the deceased person is deemed to have received the fair market value of his or her plan assets immediately prior to death. This amount must be included in the income of the deceased person’s tax return.

However, this income inclusion can be deferred if an eligible person has been designated as the beneficiary of the RRSP or RRIF. An eligible person includes a spouse or common-law partner, a financially dependent child or grandchild under 18 years of age or a financially dependent mentally or physically infirm child or grandchild of any age.

 

You might also be interested in...

Tax implications of owning a Cottage or Second Home

Preparing Returns for Deceased Persons

Contributing to your spouse’s RRSPs

Federal and provincial tax brackets

Lifetime Capital Gains Exemption

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The information above is general in nature and may not cover your specific situation. To get more clarity on your specific need it is recommended to contact your accountant or financial advisor. Alternately, feel free to reach out to us atThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. with any questions you may have.

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We are located near Sheppard Ave. and the 401/ 404 Hwy corridor at 203- 211 Consumer Road 
Toronto, ON M2J 4G8
Tel: 416-444-8747
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Bo Bennet

"Avoiding the phrase "I don't have time...", will soon help you to realize that you do have the time needed for just about anything you choose to accomplish in life."

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